Personal Protection

How can each of us do a good job of prevention and control? What problems should be paid attention to in daily protection?

What are the symptoms of pneumonia caused by virus?

Based on current epidemiological investigations, the incubation period is generally 3 to 7 days, with a maximum of 14 days. The main manifestations are fever, fatigue, and dry cough. A few patients have symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and diarrhea. In severe cases, dyspnea usually occurs after 1 week. In severe cases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, metabolic acidosis that is difficult to correct, and coagulation dysfunction quickly develop. It is worth noting that severe and critically ill patients can have moderate to low fever during the course of the disease, or even no obvious fever. Some patients only showed low fever, slight fatigue, and no pneumonia. Most of them recovered after 1 week. Judging from the current cases, most patients have a good prognosis, children have relatively mild symptoms, and a few patients are in critical condition. Death cases are more common in the elderly and those with chronic underlying diseases.

What do I need to pay attention to at home?

Keep the room clean, open windows frequently, and ventilate frequently.

Keep hand hygiene at all times. Reduce contact with public goods and parts of public places; after returning from public places, coughing with hands, covering hands before meals, washing hands with liquid soap or soap running water, or using alcohol-free hand-washing liquid; not sure whether hands are clean Avoid touching your nose, mouth and eyes with your hands when you are sneezing or covering your mouth and nose with sneezing or coughing. It is recommended to wear a mask when going out. Wear medical surgical masks or N95 masks when going out to public places, for medical treatment, and on public transportation.

What should be paid attention to in health monitoring?

Actively monitor the health of individuals and family members. It is necessary to actively measure body temperature by non-contact infrared themometer when consciously fever. If there is a child at home, touch the child's forehead sooner or later, and measure the body temperature if there is fever.

Prepare common supplies. Household thermometers, disposable masks, household disinfection supplies and other materials are available.

How should the home environment be disinfected?

Unless there are already suspected patients in the family, no special disinfection is needed. If you have not been in contact with any confirmed or suspected cases, and have not been going out for dinner recently, you don’t have to be too nervous, and your home is still relatively safe.

If you are really worried, you can also sterilize the parts that you often touch at home, such as mobile phones, door handles, remote controls and the like. It should be noted that if the surface of the object itself is dirty, it needs to be cleaned before disinfection.

Disinfection can be wiped with 75percent strength alcohol cotton pads or alcohol, or diluted sodium hypochlorite, which is our common 84 disinfectant.

What do I need to pay attention to when I go out?

Because during the preparation and consumption of the party, many people will participate, and the people who form relatives and friends will gather together, which provides favorable conditions for the epidemic of the disease. During meal preparation and dinner gatherings, people are in close contact with each other, and the droplets from coughing and sneezing can be directly transmitted to the entire party, which is very likely to cause disease transmission. Therefore, in order to prevent the spread of the new virus, everyone should try to avoid dinner, and advise others not to dinner. If it is unavoidable, please wash your hands in time before meals, avoid eating at the same table with people who have symptoms of cough, fever, etc. Try to implement a divided meal system or use public chopsticks.

Minimize unnecessary travel, try not to go to crowded places, and minimize group activities. Be sure to wear a mask when you go out and wash your hands when you go home. If you must purchase in the fresh market, wash your hands with soap and water after touching animals and animal products, avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth; avoid contact with sick animals and spoiled meat; avoid stray animals and waste water in the market contact.

Protect yourself and don't touch it everywhere. First, be sure to wear a medical surgical mask or a medical protective mask. When you wash your hands, remember to wash your hands in the correct way. Be careful not to touch the outside of the mask! Wash hands after taking off the mask! Don't rub your eyes! Don't mess around in the hospital! Secondly, we must pay attention to protect others, keep a distance from them, remember to block with your elbows when sneezing and coughing.

How to choose a mask?


General population: It is recommended that ordinary people, public transportation personnel, taxi drivers, sanitation workers, public service personnel, etc. wear masks during the post. It is recommended to use medical surgical masks. Medical protection can be worn under conditions and physical conditions allow Masks.


Special populations: High-risk groups who may be in contact with suspected or confirmed cases. In principle, it is recommended to wear medical protective masks (N95 and above) and goggles. Some patients with cardiopulmonary diseases should consult a professional doctor before wearing, and choose a suitable mask under the guidance of a professional doctor.


As for medical surgical masks, first look at the logo on the product packaging. Medical surgical masks are divided into 3 layers, the outer layer has a water blocking effect, which can prevent droplets from entering the mask to the inside; the middle layer has a filtering effect, and the bacterial filtering effect of the mask is not less than 95percent; the inner layer near the mouth and nose is used to absorb moisture.


No matter what type of mask is used, the aging time is limited, and it must be replaced regularly. The mask is wet or soiled by secretions, and the protective performance is reduced. It is recommended to replace it immediately.